Interior design is the art and science of improving a building’s interior to provide a healthier and more aesthetically pleasant environment for those who use it. Conceptual conception, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, interacting with project stakeholders, construction management, and design execution are all aspects of interior design.
The following sections go through the major considerations that interior designers must make:
The layout of a project is, in a nutshell, the placement of equipment, furniture, and objects in the area being developed, whether fixed or mobile. A good distribution can help to organise the flow of space, create permanent spaces, and build spatial hierarchies. Interior layouts are especially important for the smooth operation of a project in open architectural plans, where the designer has more freedom.
Furniture, whether fixed or mobile, has a direct impact on the quality of any interior design project. It is the designer’s responsibility to ensure that the project’s decisions will benefit the space’s everyday operation, while also ensuring that they will not jeopardise basic considerations such as circulation.
Particularly (but not exclusively) in tiny areas – which are becoming increasingly cramped – careful consideration of each item of furniture is essential. As a result, it is frequently more productive to design unique things in order to maximise the usage of each square centimetre. Flexible furniture that stacks (like stackable benches), folds (like foldable tables), increases or decreases in size, or may serve several purposes (for example, as a closet and an internal partition) is considered as the future of the furniture industry.
Comfort & Ergonomics
For the past few years, we’ve talked a lot about how to make interior spaces more comfortable. In an increasingly dense and populous world, indoor environmental quality is critical, and an uncomfortable, hazardous, or unhealthy interior space can be extremely destructive to people’s physical and mental health, given that we spend so much of our time there.
The aesthetics of the space, the aroma of the environment, the breeze that enters through the window, and the temperature felt upon entering all contribute to comfort, as does its accessibility and the use of technologies or passive strategies to facilitate and improve the inhabitant’s quality of life. Toxic chemicals are dangerous to human health.
Materials and Coating
Similarly, not all finishing materials are created equal. Although aesthetics, function, and cost are usually the driving elements, it is also necessary to consider the composition of each material and the impact it may have on the environment throughout the course of its useful life.
Today, most markets have a large and diverse supply of finishing materials, allowing us to consider elements like origin, durability, recyclability, and sanitary or environmental features, all of which are relevant to the future comfort of the space to be built.
After all, comprehending the human being in all of its physiological, anatomical, and psychological dimensions will enable us to achieve a high level of comfort while also appreciating diversity and variations. Not everyone moves in space in the same way or has the same body measurements, and not everyone is at ease in the same quantity of light or prefers the same temperatures. When building environments for well-being, it’s critical to use a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach, and careful observation and analysis of each ‘body and mind’ is crucial to a successful project.